Physiotherapy and Sports Injuries

Athletes suffer various injuries, including ankle pains, sprains, fractures and shin splints. Physiotherapy is an effective technique that helps reduce the pain and healing time of injuries. The article below discusses how physiotherapy can be used to treat sports injuries.

Physiotherapy Interventions For Sports Injuries

There are a variety of physiotherapy techniques that can be used to manage sports injuries. These include the following:

1. Exercise Therapy

This involves stretching, balance, coordination, agility and endurance exercises. Typically, the physiotherapist will begin with mild exercise and gradually increase the intensity of the technique. The primary advantage of exercise therapy is that patients can conduct workouts on their own. For example, yoga and calf stretches can improve muscle flexibility, while lifting weights can increase muscle strength. Patients are also encouraged to try out aerobic exercises, swimming and cycling.

2. Joint Mobilisation

Joint mobilisation seeks to reduce joint pain and stiffness. It can be used to treat injuries such as knee injuries, tennis elbow and fractures. The physiotherapist will access the joint's range of movement and the type of pain a patient is experiencing. This will help determine suitable oscillations and the amount of force the physiotherapist should use to restore the functionality of the joint. 

3. Aqua Therapy

Aqua therapy is a physio technique whereby the patient conducts physio exercises in water. Water provides buoyancy that supports a patient's weight, which reduces the amount of pressure the body exerts on the injury. As such, aqua therapy helps reduce pain during physiotherapy. In addition, hydrostatic pressure can help prevent soft tissue swelling in the injured athlete.   

4. Acupuncture

This is the insertion of thin needles at strategic points to reduce pain and swelling. It can be used to treat torn ligaments and sprains. The physiotherapist manipulates the needles or applies electrical pulses to increase the efficacy of the intervention. More often than not, acupuncture is used to complement other forms of therapy.

How to Improve the Outcome of Physio Interventions

Below are a few tips to improve the outcome of physio interventions among injured athletes:

  1. Therapy should be conducted by experienced sports physiotherapists who understand the history of the injury.
  2. Physiotherapy should be used alongside other medical interventions, such as surgery, to increase the rate of healing.
  3. The therapist should involve the patient in setting physio goals. Most athletes would want to be back in action in the shortest time possible. However, the therapist must encourage the athlete to be patient.
  4. Teammates should motivate an injured athlete by helping him or her conduct physio exercises at home.

Physiotherapy is an effective intervention in the management of sports injuries. Standard techniques include exercise therapy, joint mobilisation, aqua therapy and acupuncture.

About Me

Resources For Living With Osteoarthritis

I was diagnosed with osteoarthritis ten years ago, and as I've aged, more of my joints have been affected by the condition. I've had hip surgery and spent time in knee and ankle braces, but I've also tried a number of alternative treatments, including physiotherapy, acupuncture and herbal medicine. I started this blog to document my own journey and share tips I've picked up through the years. You'll find posts with information about the latest treatment options and surgical techniques and posts that provide an overview of the various holistic treatments I've personally tried. I'd love to hear how you cope with osteoarthritis, so if you have anything you'd like to share, get in touch.

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